Botany is a subject of prime importance since the evolution of land and atmosphere. Plants are of immense importance for the continuity of life. They are the source of food, shelter, clothing etc. In the changing global environmental prospectus and climate change the importance of vegetation has enhanced many many folds to overcome the natural disasters and natural and anthropogenic issues facing the humanity like pollution, water shed management, soil erosion, food security, clean water etc and global ecological issues. The Prime Minister of Pakistan vision is also the “clean and green” Pakistan which cannot be achieved without the plantation of vegetation and forests and the development of this sector. Department of Botany was started in 2013 at sub-campus Mianwali University of Sargodha. Initially BS Botany program was started and later on M.Sc classes were also introduced in 2015. Since then the department is progressing day by day and hundreds of students have completed their degrees and are serving in Government and non-governmental organizations and are also excelling their career in higher degree programs at different Universities. The department also started research activities in 2017 and completed their research thesis at BS and M.Sc level and also published and are publishing their research articles in HEC recognized journals. The establishment of Department of Botany at Mianwali was the need of the hour as Mianwali is a district with diversified landscaping like the presence of mountains, deserts, plains, forests, meadows, and the Great Indus river and its encatchment areas. These landscapes are occupied with different habitats having unique terrestrial and aquatic flora including phytoplankton which is still unexplored completely. This uniqueness of the area arises a need to further strengthen this Department and to start research in different areas of Botany. Since the area is rich in diversified flora so the research will help in the conservation of biodiversity of the area.